púca in the machine I (2022)

three artists explore the more-than-human beneath poulaphuca reservoir, wicklow, 2021-22

february 17th-march 5th 2022


print,kinetic sculpture, painting, photography, electronics


niamh fahy (website), shane finan (website), alannah robins (website)

organised by:

shane finan

venue and collaborating partner:

blessington library, blessington, wicklow, ireland

supported by:

Wicklow Arts Office Strategic Projects Award 2022.

About/contact the organiser


niamh fahy


Niamh Fahy is an artist specialising in Print and photography , currently based in Bristol, her practice explores ideas of transformation, connection and absence. Her work begins with a physical connection to landscape and the embodied experience. Sensual and instinctive, her visual language veils, interrupts, blurs and reveals layers of information from the landscapes interior. She examines dichotomies of movement and stillness, silence and noise, harmony and dissonance, alluding to the continuously changing cycles of landscape and deep time. She reconsiders the connection between the solid and the fragmented, what is now separated was once connected, what was once the deepest ocean now forms the highest peak.

“Terra firm becomes Terra Mobilis”

a photograph of a series of six prints on a black scaffold frame. the prints are all images of edges, some showing two images together, with roots, grass, water and other elements visible

shane finan


Shane Finan assembles things into art, including interactive contemporary technologies, found objects and traditional artistic media. His work is based in rural environments and examines the role of contemporary technology on nonhuman and human behaviours.

Shane makes nothing alone and always collaborates, most recently working with ecologists, sheep, fungi, epidemiologists, artists, historians and bacteria. He is coordinating this three-artist project, Púca in the Machine

A photograph of a sculptural artwork at Poulaphuca Reservoir. The artwork is a sculpture of a tree-stump with roots spreading out in many directions. The roots are made of fibre-optic cables, which glow in the light. The stump is taped together with heavy-duty tape. In the background is a lake view at dusk.

alannah robins


"I believe that myth is truer than history. I believe that the artistic process is visionary, that artistic investigations into the nature of reality have the potential to prepare the way for scientific discoveries. In the words of James Baldwin, ‘The purpose of art is to lay bare the questions which have been hidden by the answers.’

With this belief at the helm of my practice, I allow myself to be immersed in my surroundings and to work intuitively. Elements of my environment inevitably find their way into my work, be they suburban cityscapes, tangled hedgerows, children’s toys, or furniture and domestic objects. What recurs with persistence is a reference to man’s relationship to nature, an interrogation into how both man and language are characterised by the landscape and vice versa."

a photograph of an artwork in a box. the artwork has paper cutouts visible, and is lit from behind. the box lid is held up at a 45 degree angle. the cutouts are of trees and animals


The project was initially exhibited at Blessington Library in February 2022 before touring to two other venues in Ireland and Northern Ireland.

Blessington Library, Blessington, Co. Wicklow

February 17th-March 5th 2022

The launch at Blessington Library was a booked out event, where guests were treated to a talk by all three artists.

Some images from the exhibition are below.

Roe Valley Arts and Cultural Centre, Limavady, Co. Derry

Obctober 8th-November 5th 2022

The Roe Valley Arts and Cultural Centre staged a second leg of the exhibition later in 2022, with a talk on myth-ecology and technology by project organiser Shane Finan on November 5th.

For more information about this leg of the exhibition, follow this link to Roe Valley Arts.

Mermaid Arts Centre, Bray, Co. Wicklow

November 12th 2022-January 7th 2023

A third and final date for the tour is in Wicklow's county art centre, the Mermaid Arts Centre, Bray. This third leg includes an artist talk and runs through into 2023.

For more information about this leg of the exhibition, follow this link to Mermaid Arts Centre.

a photograph of an artwork taken from an angle near above. the artwork is of paper cutouts of trees and natural images, lit from behind and standing up as a pop-up book. the shadows are cast forward onto a white surface. a photograph of a moveable kinetic artwork with a handle at the top that turns a paper cut-out of a running hair, lit from inside.

Alannah Robins The Water Was The Sheriff (2022) [above]

Alannah Robins And Still They Run (2022) [below]

a photograph of three art prints of branches and edges, taken from an abngle down low and looking up. the artworks are about the clashed between edges, so the works all have this as a feature. a photogrtaph of six artistic prints, the same as those in the previous photograph

Niamh Fahy Edgeland (2022) [series title]

a photograph of an artwork featuring three boxes with tree-stump creatures in black sculptural forms on a surface, and underneath a glass box half-filled with water and with dangling fibre-optic cables running through it a detail photograph of some fibre-optic cables lighting up underwater

Shane Finan My Echo, My Shadow, and Me (2022)

poulaphuca and art

project statement

by shane finan

In the 1930s in west Wicklow, Ireland, the rivers in the area of Poulaphuca were dammed and the valley flooded to create a new hydroelectric power station. The station, still in operation today, represented a major engineering project in the young Irish Free State. The human residents of the valley were evicted prior to the flooding, and given compensation that the state calculated as more than reasonable. Yet displacement causes more than monetary suffering and any uprooting of lives can have long-term emotional and social consequences. Writing around the same time as the valley was being submerged, Simone Weil recognised how uprooting people en masse can have dangerous and long-lasting repercussions, especially where a long-term rootedness had been established and where removal is forced (Weil, 1948). Writing mostly about France’s position during World War II, her acute understanding of the social connection to urban and rural place preceded the social geography of the 1970s and 80s (Tuan 1978, de Certeau 1984), but it was at this later stage that urban planners and philosophers began to see the social and psychological impact of major changes to place (Albrecht 2019). The voices of those evicted people at Poulaphuca and the stories of those evictions have been recorded in numerous histories, including in a large-format photographic publication (Corlett 2002), a documentary film by Irish national broadcaster RTÉ, and many other publications, events and documents.

Unrecorded voices from beneath the reservoir include nonhuman and more-than-human presences in the valley. In undertaking such a massive engineering project, homes of many critters were inevitably destroyed. Rodents, birds, insects and fungi were among those evicted. Farm animals, bacteria, parasites and others accompanied humans to new places. These evictions were uncompensated. Also among the casualties were many trees that lined the walls of old estates and roads, leaving haunting stumps that were soon submerged, and that today have had the soil around their roots eroded to create monstrous objects that I have chosen to call Snámhaire, translated into “creeping things”.

In the 21st Century, we have begun to understand the importance of complex ecological entanglements that affect human, environmental and technological development (Haraway 2017). While technology and human become more entangled, it is easy to forget the nonhuman that is also affected (Puig de la Bellacasa 2017); however, these critters have voices even if they are often unacknowledged or misappropriated (Despret, 2017).

Local lore tells that the púca, a trickster character in Irish mythology, lives in the form of a metre-long pike in the King’s River, one of those that was flooded. The púca is mischievous, occasionally malicious, and on a rare occasion helpful to travelers. As a shapeshifting character of the “other realm”, the púca has little material interest in the day-to-day lives of humans. Today, the púca-as-pike’s area of roaming is the much larger expanse of Blessington Lakes, and perhaps with the otherworldly nature of electricity the púca can move further still through the wires and cables of the generating station, out into the national grid. We have no way of predicting what this free reign might cause, or might have caused.

In 2022, we present Púca in The Machine, an exploratory collaboration between three artists, coordinated by Shane Finan. The artists are Alannah Robins (mixed media, Interface Inagh, Galway, Ireland), Niamh Fahy (print and photography, University of the West of England, Bristol) and Finan (interactive digital media, Valleymount). The three artists have worked on new interpretations, creating artworks that respond to the unique and unusual history, mythology and ecology of the Poulaphuca Reservoir.

Fahy’s responses have explored the edges and borders of the lake, where the shore meets the water and what this boundary suggests. The boundary is, of course, manufactured, but real enough to create two spaces of existence, and this is what Alannah Robins has created work in response to, seeing the submerged space as a past, present and future narrative of nonhuman life. Finan’s work straddles these ideas, drawing from myth and many walks on the lake shore observing the colours, forms and lives that exist in and around it.

Artworks will exhibit for the first time at Blessington Library, opening on February 17th 2022 and running until March 5th 2022 before touring to other venues in Ireland.

The work has been supported by Wicklow Arts Office and Blessington Library.

the logo of wicklow, styled as a series of graphical mountains with the words wicklow: endless opportunity at the bottom the logo for the arts council of ireland, with their name in the English and Irish language in white on a black background


A small project book

A book about this project was launched in Blessington Library on March 3rd 2022, and subsequently had a second print run in November 2022.

The entire book is embedded in PDF below.


giving free reign to mischief

shane finan

written as part of a nature writing course with Chelsea Steinauer-Scudder delivered by Emergence Magazine, in 2020

They warned the residents in the valley. Even with the warning, some refused to leave. There is a story of a man who barricaded himself into his one-room cottage, threatening and insulting the state workers who came to offer help moving him on. He had seen generations grow old in those buildings. The water had risen to his ankles before he was finally, forcibly removed.

They were given new homes. Modern buildings that had conveniences never dreamed of in the valley. Even so, a sense of place is hard to detach, and these people knew nothing else. To lose your home, even when offered one that appears better, is to suffer grief.

a photographic collage artwork by niamh fahy. The colour is nearly monochrome. On the left is a ragged moss-covered branch, obscure and dark, reaching out to the viewer. On the right is a similarly ragged shape that looks like entangled roots or hair, and is difficult to distinguish.

The houses had to be taken down, stone by stone, and dethatched, to protect the bottom of future boats on the future lake. The trees, too, were a risk, with their high branches a perceived danger to workers who will come onto the water. They were cut straight, every single one, the valley soon becoming a graveyard with trunk stumps marking the demise of themselves. They had no warning, but perhaps this was better than suffocating, drowning under the slowly filling water. We cannot ask them now.

People playing god created the rain, the waves, the lakes. Nearby, electrical lights blinked on for the first time. Progress and comfort, and a valley immersed.

a photographic collage artwork by niamh fahy. The colour is nearly monochrome. On the left is a ragged moss-covered branch, obscure and dark, reaching out to the viewer. On the right is a similarly ragged shape that looks like entangled roots or hair, and is difficult to distinguish.

The other residents had no warning. The nests above had at least been suddenly moved on – no choice there! Time to go! But for the soil and surface dwellers: the mice, the rabbits, the spiders, the hares, the badgers, the beetles, the foxes; the floods come as a trickle. Steady. They sought out higher ground, taking with them only what they could carry.

In other places, across the sea, a human-made war raged. The other residents had no choice in that either, suddenly expunged by bombs dropped, suffocated by DMT clouds, or crushed under rolling wheels. Countless white crosses in mute witness stand: one for every ten birds.

Today, countless calcified stumps stand on tiptoes of roots, the soil eroded away around the tentacles, hard as rock and embedded deep in the shale. In times of drought they emerge, one by one, as a reminder. The graveyard surfaces. First the stumps, then the stone walls and roads. The memories don’t stay buried.

a photographic collage artwork by niamh fahy. The colour is nearly monochrome. On the left is a ragged moss-covered branch, obscure and dark, reaching out to the viewer. On the right is a similarly ragged shape that looks like entangled roots or hair, and is difficult to distinguish.

But the sets and burrows are long since filled by swirling waves. Sandy soil filling every crevice. Their homes reveal no archaeological record. Maybe somewhere, when the lake floor reappears, in symbols we don’t recognise, we can memorialise them. A patch of grass that is a touch too green. A swirl of sand that moves anti-clockwise. And there, to the trained eye, we can remember the spirit that once lived under the soil.

Flooded too are the legends. Drowned. But the púca can move freely now where it couldn’t before. Once confined to the river in the body of a pike, now it can swim to and fro in the valley. It can tap into the power supply at the dam – a mischief that spreads with progress. And who are we to stop it?

Progress, progress, comes at a cost. But was it ever measured?

a photographic collage artwork by niamh fahy. The colour is nearly monochrome. On the left is a ragged moss-covered branch, obscure and dark, reaching out to the viewer. On the right is a similarly ragged shape that looks like entangled roots or hair, and is difficult to distinguish.